In training, two means of developing violets from seeds have been used: sowing seeds immediately in the open floor or pre-cultivation of germ. The latter method is considered more effective, as when using it, it is possible to get flowering plants from the current year.
To obtain high-quality planting material, sowing seedlings must be performed from the previous ten years of February or in March. To carry out such actions after mid-spring is not advised, since the seeds are sown in the open field in the previous ten years of April or in early May.
Pre-prepared and calibrated seeds can be sown in any container, including plastic cups, cassettes, cuts of plastic bottles or food packaging. To prepare the nutrient mixture, ingredients like garden soil, humus and peat are used. All components are taken in equal proportions and blended thoroughly.
When using the traditional process of sowing, shallow furrows, roughly 3-5 millimeters, are made in the nutrient solvent using a pencil, the distance between the rows will be about 1 centimeter. Then the seeds are put in the made holes every 2 centimeters and covered by dirt. Now, it is crucial to water the plants with water and then cover the container with transparent film.
The first sprouts of pansies generally appear in 7-10 days from the time of sowing. A afterwards sprouting of seeds comes in the instances of:
- The usage of older planting substance;
- in the event of filling that the seeds with a thick coating of soil;
- when using a nutrient substrate of the wrong composition, as an instance, clay soil.
Growing violets from seedswhen to plant, planting and care, species and varieties
After sprouting, the crops should be found to a well-lit windowsill. In the spring period, the direct rays of sunlight pansies aren’t afraid, so containers with seedlings can be placed in the southern area of the apartment. After sprouting, the violet has quite strong stems, but this doesn’t mean that you want to instantly remove the film in the container.
Viola requires a good watering, however, moistening the soil should be carried out since the top layer dries out. To execute such steps, it’s worth using melt or rain water. Regular tap water must preferably endure for 2-3 days. Plants are scared of overwatering, because a higher concentration of water in the soil may cause rotting of the flower roots. Picking up violets
Transplant young plants into new containers must be when the first two true leaves are shaped. Pansies are not afraid of transplanting, they take root into a fresh nutritious substrate in spite of minor damage to the root system, which sometimes happens when the plant is taken out of the container. Such violets are a bit slower in evolution, however, the overall performance isn’t affected.
To receive an excellent healthy flower, such cultures when selecting in a new container are deepened into the cotyledons, which will give a chance to find extra origins on the underground portion of the stemcells. Pruning
This kind of event as stem pruning lets you accomplish a greater tillering of this civilization. Such steps are carried out after the appearance of 5-6 true leaves.
Planting of garden violets in a permanent location is based on the climatic features of a particular area. Such actions should be performed with the start of steady warm weather in the past ten years of April or at the first days of May. For planting the flower allocate a well-intentioned area.
After digging the soil for each planting hole, add crushed charcoal of moderate fraction of 200 g and the exact identical quantity of humus. Viola develops nicely in soils comprising peat, humus and sod soil in equal proportions with an addition of half of the sand.
During transplanting into a permanent location, prepared seedlings are placed on the plot each 15-20 centimeters. Cultures are sunk into the previously dug holes and covered with soil. Then compact the ground around the bushes and water the plants with warm water. When growing backyard violets, it is necessary to separate the bushes in the plantings every 3 decades.
Not every gardener may wish to take care of the farming of pansies seedlings, since it’s quite a troublesome undertaking. In this regard, many flower growers sow seeds directly into the ground. In this case, the flowering of violets will start in late summer or in September. To get the flowering of this culture moyakovka.ru the following year, in early spring, the seeds should be sown in August.